Culture is a pattern of characteristics or shared behavior or belief of a particular group of people.
According to sociologists, Culture encompasses language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music, and arts that can be used by a group of people or used at a specific time.
Human beings use Culture to adapt or transform the world where they live in. So, let’s see how many cultures are there to explore the vast history.
How Many Cultures Are There? Details
How Sociologists Define Culture?
Sociologists define Culture by both Non- material and material aspects. People’s attitudes, Values, Beliefs, practices are categorized in non-material Culture; also the material Culture is the things that humans make and use.
Though Culture defines by two aspects, they are intimately connected. Material culture can be shaped by Non-material Culture. In another word, what we value, believe, and know influences the things we make.
Similarly, Non-material Culture can be influenced by material culture. For example, a documentary film can change people’s attitudes.
Why Do We Need To Follow A Certain Culture?
Culture is one of the most significant aspects of society. It plays a crucial role in our social lives for shaping social relationships, maintaining and challenging social order, determining to make sense of our place.
And, to live in a certain society, following its Culture is a must, because in many regions, not following their cultures properly is considered a bad crime.
From the dawn of civilization, people have created various types of cultures, each being drastically different from others.
Among thousands of known and unknown cultures available in the world, the maximum people of the world belong to the five major cultures that are spread out throughout the world.
They are- Western Culture, Eastern culture, Latin Culture, Middle Eastern Culture, and African Culture.
And these cultures also consist of many subcultures. Let’s find out more about these five major cultures, their traditions, dress, food, and lifestyle variants.
In today’s society, “Western culture” refers to the Culture of countries with a European heritage, as well as those that emigrated from Europe.
Western Culture can be defined by a diverse range of artistic, philosophical, literary, and legal themes and traditions, as well as Christianity, which has shaped Western civilization since at least the fourth century.
Political philosophy, widespread use of rational argument favoring freethought, absorption of human rights, the demand for equality.
It developed further with Christianization throughout the Middle Ages, Renaissance reform and modernization, and globalization by succeeding European empires between the 16th and 20th centuries, which extended European ways of life and educational systems over the world.
In today’s world, Western Culture has an influence on most nations around the world, and many people from other cultures tend to follow the western culture and consider it as the process of modernization.
While the geographical region is vast, many Spanish-speaking countries are considered part of Latin culture.
Latin America is usually described as the areas of Central America, South America, and Mexico, where Spanish or Portuguese is spoken as the primary language.
French geographers coined the phrase “Latin America” to distinguish between Anglo and Romance cultures.
Latin American Culture has a rich, complicated, and diversified history, with several historical features, countries, peoples, and languages found inside its borders.
Despite this diversity, most Latin American countries have shared historical situations and occurrences.
To get a complete overview of the Latin Culture, some exciting facts about them are given below:
- Around ten percent of the population claims to be of pure European ancestry.
- Jaguars, toucans, manatees, and river dolphins are some of the endemic animals found alone in Latin America.
- It is home to the Amazon, the world’s largest rainforest.
- With 80 percent of its inhabitants living in cities, it is the world’s most urbanized continent.
Throughout history, Latin Culture has provided so many spectacular social and cultural expressions thanks to its extraordinary diversity.
The term eastern Culture refers to the societal rules of the Far Eastern Asian countries such as China, Japan, Vietnam, North Korea, South Korea, and the Indian subcontinent.
In addition to cultural norms, ethical values, customs, belief systems, and political systems, we also include a wide range of specific arts, crafts, and technologies.
The major characteristics of the Eastern Culture are given below:
• When it comes to clothes, customs, and other aspects of life, the inhabitants of Eastern countries are more traditional than those of Western countries.
• Eastern cultured people honor their elders or parents by touching their feet, and many of them bow as a way of greeting and apologizing to visitors.
• People in the East are notoriously rigid in their views and beliefs. They are not easily persuaded to compromise or question long-held habits and traditions.
• In Eastern countries, arranged marriages are widespread. They are usually organized by the couple’s parents or other elders. They believe that love blossoms only after marriage.
So overall, the eastern Culture follows more traditions compared to others, but gradually they are hugely influenced by Western Culture.
And, nowadays we are seeing a huge change to the eastern Culture in the process of adopting this new Culture.
Middle Eastern Culture
The Middle Eastern Culture is undoubtedly the most expensive and luxurious Culture that you find among all the cultures.
There are many countries in the Middle East and North Africa region. And, the Culture they follow is mainly known as the middle eastern Culture.
Though this Culture is created by many countries combining together, there are some significant common characteristics between them.
• Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Berber, Kurdish, French, and English are all widely spoken languages throughout the Middle East and North Africa.
• Because it connects the three continents of Asia, Africa, and Europe, the Middle East is known as the world’s crossroads.
• There are more Muslims in Europe and North America than in the Middle East. Muslim populations in South Asia outnumber those in the Middle East and North Africa together.
• In the Middle East, Arabic is the most widely spoken language. It is spoken by roughly 300 million people globally and is the official language of more than 20 nations.
• Parts of today’s Middle East have been linked to some of the world’s earliest civilizations. Egypt, Sumer, Assyria, and Babylonia are examples of these civilizations.
So basically, a huge population with luxurious lifestyles and ways of living forms this middle eastern Culture.
A number of tribes, ethnicities and social groups live in Africa, and their own ways of living, food, traditions, and dresses are mainly the African Culture.
There are many ethnic groups throughout the 54 countries on the continent, which is one of the main features of this Culture, whereas Nigeria alone consists of up to 300 tribes.
That is why African Culture has the most diverse and versatile Culture. Their traditions are quite different not only from other cultures but also from their very own tribe to tribe.
Each ethnic group’s culture is centered on family and can be found in their art, music, and oral literature. People in Africa speak a diversity of languages, follow a range of religions, and live in a variety of housing types.
The clothing worn in Africa differs from north to south, as well as according to religious beliefs and customary rituals.
Some civilizations dress in bright colors, while others dress in muted tones with gleaming threads and minimal jewelry.
So overall, the African Culture shows more versatility than any other culture with its huge number of tribes and different people.
Whatever Culture a group of people belongs to, one thing is certain; it will change over time. In our interconnected globe, which is made up of so many ethnically varied societies, Culture appears to have become increasingly important.
While change is unavoidable, it is equally important to honor and preserve the past. The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) was established to identify cultural and natural heritage and to conserve and protect them.
Most importantly, we all are humans, and we need to respect every other Culture. No matter in which way they lead their life, we shouldn’t interfere with their lifestyle or should never do anything that hurts other cultures people.
So with that being said, we have covered every Culture belonging on earth, different cultured people’s lifestyles, traditions, and other notable characteristics.